Otoetnografik Yaklaşımda Fotoğrafın Yeri ve Yöntemi Üzerine: Pia Arke’nin Çifte Kimliği
Ozan Yavuz

Öz

Bu çalışma özdüşünümsel bağlamda niteliksel araştırma yöntemi olarak kullanılan otoetnografik yaklaşımın fotoğraf ile ilişkisini Pia Arke’nin çalışmaları üzerinden incelemektedir. Otoetnografik yaklaşım, etnografik yazım geleneğinden gelen bir yazım performansı üzerine şekillense de, özellikle 1960’lar sanat ortamının ve temsil krizinin de etkisiyle sanatçıların bir etnograf gibi davranmaları, otoetnografinin temsil biçimlerinin de değişmesine yol açmıştır. Bu aşamada, yazınsal yöntemden görsel niteliksel yöntemlere geçiş, etnografik çalışmaların sanatsal çalışmalarla birlikte düşünülebileceğine dair bir eğilimi de beraberinde getirmiştir. Bu anlamda bu çalışma; otoetnografi ile fotoğrafın temsil, yöntem ve pratikte nasıl kesiştiğini; Pia Arke’nin fotoğrafı görsel araştırma yöntemi ve ifade biçimi olarak otoetnografik anlatımda nasıl kullandığını incelemek ve örneklemek üzerine şekillenmiştir.

 

Anahtar Terimler

Pia Arke; otoetnografi; fotoğraf; kolonyalizm; post-kolonyalizm

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